FILM ON MORGENTHAU OPENS LENS ON THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE
By Chris Bergeron

Daily News
Monday March 30, 2009

FRAMINGHAM, MA--Descended from survivors of the Armenian genocide,
filmmaker Apo Torosyan hopes his art transforms prejudice and hate
into tolerance and compassion.

Growing up in Turkey, he learned his father's parents had both starved
to death after the genocidal massacres of 1915. As a teenager in
Istanbul, he saw mobs hang Christian priests and rape Armenian women
while his pregnant sister cowered in their apartment preparing to
kill herself if necessary.

Yet when Torosyan screens his newest film Wednesday in the Framingham
Library in Massachusetts, it will honor a man who fought oppression
at great personal risk while refusing to preach hate.

His hour-long film, "The Morgenthau Story," will be shown at 7
p.m. on Wednesday, April 1 in the Costin Room of the library at 49
Lexington St.

"I'm trying to reach out and warn people genocide is still with us
today," said Torosyan. "Too often we don't see it. But when you say
'us' and 'them,' you're already prejudging people."

A shorter version of his film will be shown Monday, April 23 at 11
a.m. in Peabody City Hall at 24 Lowell St.

The son of a Greek mother and Armenian father, Torosyan earned his
bachelor's and master's degrees at the Istanbul Academy of Fine Arts
in the 1960s.

He has exhibited his rich, moody paintings in more than 40 solo and
20 group shows in Europe and North America. His paintings are in the
permanent collections of several museums, including the Museum of
Modern Art in Bordeaux, France, the Armenian Library and Museum of
America in Watertown, Sacred Heart University in Fairfield, Conn.,
and the Florida Holocaust Museum in St. Petersburg, Fla.

Now 67, Torosyan has made seven documentaries, including four
dealing with aspects of the genocide and three others he describes
as philosophic "meditations."

Since immigrating to the United States in 1986, he fears he can't
return to Turkey because on an earlier visit he expressed his opinion
about the Armenian genocide, which puts him in danger of imprisonment.

Torosyan's documentary incorporates interviews with the three
descendants of Henry Morgenthau Sr., ambassador to Constantinople
from 1913 to 1916, and archival footage about Turkish oppression of
the Armenian minority.

He credits Morgenthau for trying to alert the world to the Ottoman
massacres of Armenians and other Christians and later, as chairman
of the Greek Resettlement Commission, saving thousands after the 1922
Smyrna massacre.

While often regarded as the 20th century's first holocaust, Toroysyan
fears Westerners know little about the Ottoman Empire's murderous
policies against Christians.

He said in April 1915, civilian and military authorities of the
then-Ottoman Empire now present day Turkey launched attacks, massacres
and forced marches to drive Armenians, as well as Greeks and Syrians,
off their lands and into exile. While exact figures remain in dispute,
Torosyan said it's "generally accepted" that between 1915 and 1923
1.5 million Armenians died and another 2 million, representing nearly
half the group's population, were driven from the country.

Rather than "play the blame game," Torosyan said his films present
history objectively so future generations can recognize the symptoms
of ethnic, religious and racial prejudice before they take effect. "I
believe history should be known so we don't forget the past,"
he said. "I'm trying to reach out to youth in high school and
college. They should know what happened."

While the Republic of Turkey, which succeeded the Ottoman Empire,
refuses to describe the deaths and forced relocations as genocide,
Torosyan insisted he "holds no prejudice toward Turkish people today."

Whether painting or making films, he said his art is intimately
connected to his personal history.

"What else is mine? My roots, my family history? Starving family
members dying during the Armenian, Greek and Assyrian Genocide,
including my grandparents," he said. "...I started making my films,
which are not all related to human rights, but to life itself. My
documentaries have been shown in places I've never been to and seen
by thousands of people I've never met. And through the Internet,
I have met a lot of new friends with the same message: Hope not hate."