Bryan Schwartzman

New Jersey Jewish Standard
June 7 2012

Linda Yepoyan grew up in Pittsburgh, a city that had just 30 Armenian
families and no Armenian church. She felt little cultural connection
to her family's ancestral homeland.

Or so she thought.

Then came the December 1988 earthquake that ravaged what was then the
Soviet Republic of Armenia. More than 25,000 people were killed. The
devastation was so great that the USSR formally asked the United
States for humanitarian aid for the first time since World War II.

Yepoyan, then 28 and immersed in a career in film and television, was
so jarred by the images of destruction that she felt a visceral need
to be there. She told her boss at HBO that she would be back in a year.

Instead, she stayed for nearly three years and married Armen Yepoyan,
an Armenian. When she returned to the United States, she spent nearly
a decade working for a Washington, D.C.-based organization that lobbied
for humanitarian and developmental aid for the newly democratic nation,
which gained independence in 1991.

The couple relocated to Wynnewood, Pa., several years ago so their
three children could attend an Armenian day school in nearby Radnor.

"It was kind of an awakening experience," Yepoyan said of her
connection with Armenia, a mountainous country of 3 million people
that borders Turkey, Iran, Georgia, and Azerbaijan. "It makes you
feel much more whole."

If Yepoyan's story bears some resemblance to that of countless American
Jews whose lives were changed by visiting Israel, then the name of
the organization she has directed since its creation in 2003 will
sound really familiar:

It's called Birthright Armenia.

Based out of Yepoyan's home office, Birthright Armenia was created
with the consultation and support of Birthright Israel's leadership.

Permission to use the name, however, had to be obtained not from
Birthright Israel but from Birthright International, a pro-life
organization based in Canada that predated the Israel program.

"We are happy to share our experience," said Barbara Aronson, chief
administrative officer for the Birthright Israel Foundation. A decade
ago, she had several meetings with Yepoyan and program founder Edele
Hovnanian, whose family foundation helps fund the initiative. Aronson
offered information about her organization's mission, programming,
and evolving educational component.

What's officially known as Taglit-Birthright Israel has brought more
than 300,000 young adults from around the world to the Jewish state
since it began in 2000. It is considered by many to be one of the
most successful Jewish programs in recent decades. Birthright Armenia,
by comparison, has 600 alumni.

Birthright Israel officials also have been approached by groups in
Ireland, Bulgaria, and Columbia, as well as by people representing
Indian-Americans and African-Americans. They all are looking for
insights on how to create and sustain similar identity-building

In fact, Israel's government, which helps support Birthright Israel, is
helping to foster an exchange on these issues. Yuli Edelstein, Israel's
minister of public diplomacy and diaspora affairs, is convening a
meeting called the International Conference on diaspora-Homeland
Partnerships in Jerusalem in mid-June. Yepoyan said she had hoped to
attend but won't be able to make it; an Armenia-based program staffer
would likely make the trip instead.

The existence of Birthright Armenia serves as a reminder that despite
their differences, Jews and Armenians share many similarities. Both
are ancient peoples who suffered genocide in the 20th century and
experienced the rebirth of ancient kingdoms as modern nation-states.

Roughly 1.5 million Armenians were killed between 1915 and 1923,
when the Ottoman Empire collapsed. Most scholars consider this the
first case of a modern genocide, even though the term was first used
in connection with the Shoah. Turkey contests this view and some
historians have argued that the killing did not follow a preconceived
plan and therefore should not be considered genocide.

Both peoples also share a long history in Jerusalem. The Armenian
Quarter in Jerusalem's Old City has existed for hundreds of years,
populated by devoted Armenian Christians. The area contains several
historic religious sites and is home to more than 2,000 people. Jews
are believed to have lived in Armenia for more than 2,000 years.

Several hundred Jews still live in its capital, Yerevan.

The Armenian-American poet and memoirist Peter Balakian has written
about how the Jewish response to the Shoah has served as a model
to Armenians on how to spread awareness of the massacres that took
place amid the instability of World War I and the breakup of the
Ottoman Empire.

There are some major differences between the two Birthright programs.

While Birthright Israel specializes in running 10-day programs that
primarily hit the country's major highlights, Birthright Armenia
facilitates a longer experience that really isn't a tour at all.

The Armenian version matches 20- to 32-year-olds who have at least
one Armenian grandparent with approved volunteer organizations
spread across the nation. The stints are at least two months but can
last longer. The participants live with host families, take language
courses, go on excursions around the country, and meet with government
officials. The program is not free but the organization agrees to
reimburse participants' airfare and other expenses if they meet several
requirements, including gaining a basic grasp of the Armenian language.

Since the program Hovnanian and Yepoyan created is so different from
the one that's brought hundreds of thousands of young Jews to Israel,
why pick a name that obviously plays off it?

"I just loved the concept and the foresight of the Jewish leaders
to think 20 years ahead," Hovnanian said. "I am trying to mold those
who will be the future leaders of the community."

Since the program requires participants to have only one Armenian
grandparent, Birthright Armenia has several alumni who've identified
at least partially as Jews.

Among them is Gregory Bilazarian, a 28-year-old journalist from Mt.
Laurel who has a Jewish mother and an Armenian father. Though he
attended Hebrew school, at 13 he decided to become baptized in the
Armenian church. His participation in Birthright Armenia has led to
more than a year's stay in the country, where he's now working for
an online news service. He says it has changed his sense of who he is.

"Heritage is often tied to the church, maybe the language, dancing,
and food, and pushing for recognition of the 1915 Armenian genocide,"
he said, adding that those things never spoke deeply to him. "However,
as a country, I feel I have completely connected with the nation-state
and its people."

Mykil Bachoian, a 26-year-old lawyer in Los Angeles, also has a Jewish
mother and Armenian father, though unlike Bilazarian he was exposed
to neither culture.

"I felt like both parents should have embraced their heritage, but
at the same time, I know that their marriage was not easy for either
side of the family," and that remaining neutral in terms of identity
was the best way to avoid conflict, he wrote in an email response to
several questions.

Not speaking the language or being connected to the church, Bachoian
always felt like something of an outsider in the Armenian community.

"Of course, I also had similar issues within the Jewish community,
but not to the same extent," he wrote. So many of his Jewish friends
knew little Hebrew or were serious about religion so "I never felt
less Jewish with them."

As a young adult, Bachoian has sought to deepen his understanding of
both cultures. In 2007 he took part in the 10-day Birthright Israel
program and in 2011 he went on Birthright Armenia, where he spent 10
weeks volunteering for the Armenian Young Lawyers Association.

He reported that the Israel program offered a great overview and made
him want to return, which he did in 2008 through a law school program.

"The experiences of Birthright Armenia and Birthright Israel are not
comparable in any way, except for the fact that both provide their
respective diaspora with a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to see
their respective homelands," he wrote.

JTA/Philadelphia Jewish Exponent